How to prepare for joining a HR job while pursuing Bachelor degree?


pic source -Google

“By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail”

Benjamin Franklin

Lets say now you are in 2nd year of pursuing B.Com degree, and you think HR would be the right career choice for you. But you don’t know how to prepare yourself now, so you could land in a job as soon as you graduate. This article shows you how to prepare for getting a job before graduation.

Raise your English fluency to next level

You are more likely to be selected for HR profile only when you have at least average speaking proficiency in English. I mean why would anyone want to recruit you if you can’t even introduce yourself in the interview?.

Even though communicating by English Language has become very normal these days, it is essential to go multiple steps forward from casual vocabulary usage to professional level.

Keep in mind that not only for securing a HR job, your English language proficiency is the most sought after quality for any job roles.

So ask yourself where do you actually stand? How you could raise the bar?

Get comfortable in introducing yourself

However confident you are in speaking English, when it comes to attending interviews, everyone needs a preparation and practice.

Prepare a draft of how you want to introduce yourself in interviews, as days goes by keep editing that draft to a professional level.

Start practising in-front of mirror, practice with your friends until you get comfortable in speaking and delivering it with confident body language. When you practice, do it with enthusiasm. Boring and monotonous voice gets you nowhere.

Don’t just stop there. Read aloud newspapers for minimum 15 mins daily. Make it a habit. When you have access to many newspapers in your phone, It wont be that hard to practice while you are on coffee break or just before you sleep. So no excuses please.

Remember, talking faster doesn’t mean that you are fluent in language. In-fact research says that a person looks confident when she speaks slowly and clearly.

Make use of your academic presentation in class room

Its one of the best way to improve communication skills and the only way to build confidence when you are in college. I mean where else you would get an opportunity to stand in front of 40 people staring at you, judging you?.

I know the amount of handwork goes in making a single presentation, we all do it anyway whether we like it or not, for the sake of internal grades. So Why not be an opportunist, grab this opportunity to test your confidence and communication level?

So even if your college doesn’t have this internal grading system, I suggest you to volunteer for it. Ask your staffs that you are interested to give presentation on the topic which he is yet to teach. In that case, he is more likely to agree with your request.

There is no better way for you to build confidence.

Start writing a resume

Resume writing is a skill and many people who have mastered it  are now doing it as a profession.

Your resume speaks for you, your resume reflects your personality, your resume convinces your recruiter to select you for the job, and what not.

Yet, there is no basic guidance for students on how to write an impressive resume. Actually no one actually knows how to write a perfect resume, except for the trial and error they made whenever they wanted to apply for the new job. So lets forgive them all.

To begin with, download free sample resumes from google,relevant to your pursuing Bachelor degree. Use that as a template to build your resume. After all you are copying from the internet, you cannot afford to make any mistakes.

In the educational qualification column, write as “pursuing BCom, graduating in year 2019”. 

Keep editing and updating it whenever it is required. Because it is never a one day job, you will know when you start writing it. So its better to start early.

The earlier you start, more time you have time to think or research to make your resume near to perfect.  

Research the potential employers

You are hardly out of high school, now you are expected to find a job and start earning to  become independent. I want to share you a simple fact, which you may already know, just to boost your job hunting preparation. By the time you graduate from college, the job positions in top companies are already filled by campus recruitment process.

Since there is going to be lakhs of candidates graduating along with you, needless to say that you are a needle in the haystack. You may be proud that you have already started your job search process one-year ahead, but companies call-for only the graduates in their final semester. So you are in game with lakhs of competitors.

That’s the bitter truth, isn’t it? Ok, What’s the game plan.

(i). You need to have list of employers that you are going to apply. You can prepare a list based on two factors. a) If You are ready to move to any job location, you can keep your search flexible, look for companies in other cities as well. b) You need to keep your search narrow, if you cannot move to the job location far from your home town (soon I will come up with a video demonstrating how to select the list of companies ).

You can refer my previous article on how to become a HR in staffing companies with just a bachelor degree.

Being a fresher, your aim is to secure a job as fast as possible in the selected list of companies. You start to prepare this list when you are in 2nd year of college, so that you have plenty of time to research the companies individually. When you face the interviewer with the question “Why do you want to join this company” , you have the answer ready.

(ii). Try to connect to the hiring manager or the functional head of the companies in your list, via LinkedIn. To begin with try connecting to any employee working in the department you are interested to apply.  Gradually increase the hierarchy.

After connecting, will you just plainly ask “could you refer me for job in your company/department?’.

Big NO.

Instead ask him “how the job is like, what does the company expects from employees, what qualification does the company expects from the job seekers, are there enough training available for employees to learn and grow?” Etc., Those answers help you to prepare yourself better for the interviews.     

Try connecting to as many employees as possible, am sure out of all those connections someone would be willing to pass your resume directly to the hiring manager’s table. Repeat this process until you have secured a job.

Do you know how long does a student has to wait for job offer letter who got selected in the campus selection?

It would take 6 to 9 months for her to receive a job offer letter, which is almost equal to an year duration.

Imagine how long does it take you to secure a job without any campus placement, without any reference in companies, and without any clear idea which company you are going to apply? Do the math…

So it is very crucial to follow all the five pointers mentioned above.

I have seen people get frustrated in the process give up too soon, they either go back to hometown jobless, or join any low wages job and some even join BPOs in the hope that one day they will secure an actual job.

Without the prior preparation, it is definitely going to be a very depressing, time consuming and money consuming process to secure a job.

What is the job responsibility of safety officer in any industry?

Any Environmental studies graduates or a graduate with industry oriented diploma course are eligible to apply for safety officer job in any small and big industries. The functional area you will be working in any such industry are production department, manufacturing department and maintenance department.

Job Responsibilities:

  • Ensure a safe workplace environment without risk to health.
  • Ensure that all Health & Safety policies, procedures, rules and regulations are adhered to and are regularly reviewed, updated and communicated.
  • Ensure the Company meets its statutory obligations in all areas pertaining to health, safety and welfare at work, including statutory training and reporting.
  • Ensure the completion and regular review of risk assessments for all work equipment and operations
  • Ensure that all accidents are documented, investigated and recommended improvements implemented
  • Ensure that safety inspections are carried out, fire drills and fire alarms are correctly reported, safety inspections, risk assessments and lone working procedures are managed and employees are aware of their responsibilities. Co-ordinate the development of health & safety policies, systems of work and procedures.
  • Ensure full and accurate health and safety and training records are maintained
  • Establish a full programme of documented health & safety inspections, audits and checks.
  • Establish a structured programme of health & safety training throughout the Company. Liaise with external health & safety consultants in the provision of training programmes and health and safety services.
  • Manage and devise the agenda for, chair and formulate & distribute minutes for the Health & Safety Committee meetings.
  • Ensure that all agreed action points are completed within deadlines.
  • Keep up to date with all aspects of relevant health, safety & welfare at work legislation and communicate relevant changes to the business.
  • Provide regular reports to the Management on relevant health and safety activities.
  • Participate in monthly meetings when required to report on relevant health & safety matters.
  • Liaise with suppliers i.e. Insurers, solicitors etc. Any other reasonable duties which may be required by management from time to time.

There are many opportunities for career development in both government and private sectors to grow to senior positions. Also, you may have opportunities in larger organisations to pursue doctorate studies which will gain you broader experience and to seek more senior positions.

What is the scope for graduates in Environmental Studies in India?


scope environmental studies

Like any life science degrees, careers in environmental science are so varied, and has promising scope for graduates in Environmental studies. As a fresher, it is going to be hard decision to choose a career path right for you. Because, you have vast scope for career in environmental science in India

Scope of Environmental studies as a degree:

Well, if you enjoy working in a big infrastructure, following set of standard Ops, willing to work closely with the other department co-workers ensuring health and safety guidelines are followed and executed, this article would rightfully guide you.

So any industry you choose to work with, the above mentioned responsibility remains same for majority of the safety officer job roles for freshers, except for the specialists domain mentioned below:

Specialists areas to choose:

  • Environmental protection
  • Fire and safety
  • Food safety and food standards
  • Health within the armed services
  • Housing and construction
  • Noise control
  • Pollution control
  • Public health
  • Occupational health and safety
  • Waste management.

Environmental graduates and Environmental scientists(Ph.D) have scope of working in both government and private industries. I have listed them below


  • Oil and Gas
  • Energy
  • Power
  • Infrastructure
  • Pharma
  • Chemicals
  • Refineries and Petrochemicals
  • Plastic
  • Rubber
  • Space Centre
  • Pollution control board.

For government sector  job opportunities, keep updated with the print newspaper ads and also look in the websites of the relevant industries or research institutes. Look out for the job opportunities with the following key-words in any online job portal and you could also add these keywords in the resume in the knowledge section or project section. It is wise to attend interviews through consultancies than applying for jobs directly to the job vacancies in the company website, because graduates are mostly to be recruited through consultancies.


  • Health Environment
  • Fire and safety
  • Risk Assessment
  • Process Safety management
  • Site inspection and assessment
  • Safety training
  • Safety inspections
  • Emergency preparedness
  • Safety audit and compliance

Job Placement certification:

It is not surprising fact that you will be in tough ride securing a job as fresher. Even if you have a graduate or post-graduate degree in Environmental studies, it is advisable to complete an industrial-oriented diploma course for making your ride easy. Its advised to do enough research (considering which domain and industry you are interested) before enrolling for any following course, 

  • Certificate course in occupational health & Safety
  • Diploma in industrial safety management
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Industrial Safety Management
  • Advanced Diploma in Industrial Safety
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Industrial Safety, Health & Environment
  • Diploma Course in Industrial Department of Personnel Safety Management
  • Industrial Safety and Hazards Management
  • Short-duration specialised safety training program for working executives

There are many opportunities for career development in both government and private sectors to grow to senior positions. Also, you may have opportunities in larger organisations to pursue doctorate studies which will gain you broader experience and to seek more senior positions.

So You Want to become a Stock Broker, Next What?

A Broker, according to Wikipedia, “is an individual person who arranges transactions between a buyer and a seller for a commission when the deal is executed”.

As a stock broker you would facilitate the transaction of buying and selling stocks on behalf of clients (individual or institutions) based on their financial goals. You will be paid fee or commission (apart from salary package) based on what type of broker you choose to become. A broker is also known as a securities sales agent or securities and commodities sales agent.

Educational Qualification

Any Graduation, preferably in Finance and its Associate courses.

If you a non-finance student, wish to pursue this profession, you are in tough ride compared to core students. To become qualified, it is necessary to complete a professional certificate in stock broking in India.

Types of Brokers

Traditional or Full Service Brokers

Traditional Broker offer trading (stocks, commodities and currency), research and advisory, investment banking, sales and asset management under one umbrella. They also allow investing in Forex, Mutual Funds, IPOs, FDs, Bonds and Insurance (you can google to understand more about these terms). In some cases full-service brokers also have in-house banking and demat account services. They are ‘advisors’ for the client and at the same time salesmen for the financial products.

Examples – Angel Broking, ICICI Direct, Motilal Oswal etc.,

Note -If you choose to join traditional Brokers, they will provide comprehensive training package that includes sales and product training as well as education in administrative procedures and compliance regulations.

Discount or Online service brokers

Online brokers focused mainly on trading, they don’t offer research, funding and other add-on services. Discount brokers offer low brokerage, high speed and the state-of-the-art execution platform for trading in stocks, commodities and currency derivatives. They offer ‘no-frills’ brokerage service for ‘do-it-yourself’ traders who understand the market well. Most of them charge flat rate brokerage and some offer fixed monthly brokerage for unlimited trading.

Examples -Zerodha, RKSV, Fyers, Pro stocks, SAS online etc.,

Note – If you think you are not good at sales or from non-finance background, it’s best to give a try being discount broker, learn the business and get acquainted with the profile. Eventually you could join full-service brokerage firms or could become an independent broker-dealers.

Responsibilities Of stock broker
Primary Responsibilities

  • Interact with clients to update them on research calls and advising them on asset allocation within their portfolio and guide them on Buy, Sell or Hold strategy.
  • Keep abreast of micro & macroeconomic indicators, global & domestic financial markets and impact on stock movements.
  • Help customers to Execute trade online and place orders on behalf of customers.
  • Ready to sell Financial products (in-house and third-party) to clients.

Secondary Responsibilities

  • Acquire new clients for Demat and Trading accounts through networking, database and references.
  • Engage with inactive customers and activate their accounts.
  • Ensure that customers trade actively after opening the trading account.

How to Register as stock broker

It is mandatory to register yourself as stock broker and become “member” of Stock Exchange to carry out clientele transactions. So to become a “Registered stock broker”, you need to pass the following examinations.

NISM Series XI: Equity Sales Certification Examination
NISM Series VIII: Equity Derivatives Certification Examination (Mandatory)

These exams cover a broad range of subjects on the markets, and the securities industry and its regulatory structure. They ensure that securities professionals acquire a minimum level of understanding and expertise.

Visit for more information.

How to start your career?

Employers prefer to hire stock brokers with 1-3 years of brokerage experience. Employers that offer online brokerage services may require one or more years of online brokerage experience. Internships are an ideal way for beginning brokers to gain experience and build their knowledge of the industry. While you are around, make sure you learn until you are comfortable using trading applications, MS office etc., Show the employer that you are confident in communication – both verbal and written.

Career as a stock broker

A broker must stay on top of the market at all times by analyzing, monitoring and researching the performance of stocks, trade markets and acquisitions. Lets see how first few years of Career looks like -1. You will be working long odd hours, making enormous cold calls to build large customer base within the limited probationary period. Success of a broker fundamentally depends on the quality of the customer portfolio. 2.Meet revenue target (in turn brokerage for you) from the existing portfolio, and also from third party products. 3. Always work hard for the best possible outcome for the clients..

As a beginner, it is going to take more than willpower to stay competitive.

Career Opportunities for B.Com Students in India

This article describes the possible career opportunities for B.Com students in India and the various professional courses available for commerce students after a degree in B.Com

Unlike Science Graduates, Commerce, Accounts and Finance graduates have  versatile career opportunities. They could choose the traditional Accountancy job or could become a travel agent. It is purely personal choice and interest.

Before I go on to detail further, I did some job search research in google to understand what the resources/knowledge are offered to the students/fresher grads. The result was not up-to the expectation. First two pages were filled with “naukri, shine, timesjobs” etc., to apply for job openings advertised in their portal. Then, next few pages were filled with colleges advertisements offering B.Com courses. All freshers has some knowledge about good colleges to study and awareness about job portals like “naukri/monster” for job search.

What if the student wants to know about the career opportunity BEFORE graduating the degree? What if he/she is not interested to study traditional “CA” or “CS”, instead he/she is interested to join a company for many reasons, like – 1. family financial situation, 2. plan to go abroad after working few yrs in INDIA, 3. Plan to pursue higher studies after earning income on his/her own etc., 

Various Career Opportunities for B.Com graduates in Different Job industry in India:

How many colleges are educating the students that there are Career Opportunities for B.Com students, like

1.Risk Analyst:  Credit Analyst, Market Analyst, Operational Risk Analyst, Regulatory Risk Analyst

2.Finance Analyst, Financial Adviser, Financial Trader

3.Banker, Investor, Corporate Finance

4.Tax/ Compliance Consultants

5.Insurance Consultants, Insurance Underwriter

6. Actuary

Am sure not all the students have heard about the professions I have mentioned above.

List of Companies / Employers providing career opportunities for graduates with B.Com degree:

Lets see who are all interested to provide you various career opportunities for graduates with B.Com degree-

  • Home loan companies like DHFL, AdityaBirla Home loans, PNB Housing etc
  • Insurance companies like LIC, Bajaj Allianz, TATA AIG, Oriental Insurance etc.,
  • Retail Banks Like HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, IndusInd Bank, Axis Bank etc.,
  • Investment Banks Like JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Deutsche bank, Kotak Mahindra etc.,
  • Financial Firms such as Bajaj Capital, Birla Global Finance, HDFC, karvy group etc.,
  • Risk Consulting Firms such as RiskPro, Axis Risk consultants, SGS India etc.,
  • Privately traded companies in various industries like Kaizen Private equity, TATA Power trading, OSWAL group etc.,
  • Publicly traded companies in various industries like BSE/NSE listed companies.
  • Federal, provincial/state and municipal government departments.

Before Applying for Job, it is important to understand the difference between retail and investment banks, their products and offers, your scope to grow within the company. For example, HDFC Bank originally was a housing finance company, later developed to one of the India’s Leading Banking and financial company, servicing Retail Banking, wholesale Banking, Investment Banking, Investments and all loans. Likewise, You have to understand and research for all the employers listed above.

Professional Courses for Commerce Students

  • ACCA (Association of Chartered Certified Accountants)
  • BAT (Business Accounting And Taxation)
  • Post Graduate Diploma In Foreign Trade (PGDIFT) – Curriculum covers International logistics and foreign exchange, Exchange of capital, goods, services, trade policies. Indian Economy and Trade dependencies. International financial management and Risk management with respect to foreign policy, foreign exchange,new global business, political and legal environment. Understand the concepts of cross-border trading and taxes.
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Taxation – Domestic Tax, International Tax , Excise and customs, foreign trade policy, Live case studies/ practical illustrations, Direct Tax Code Regime, Analysis of recent landmark judicial rulings/ trends, Tax optimization & relevance of contract mechanics, Impact of Goods and Service tax Regime on Business.
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Banking and Finance (PGDBF) – Indian Banking and Financial System, Marketing of Banking Services, Banking Regulations and Laws, Financial Institutes and Markets, MIS and Technology in Banking etc.,
  • C.A. (Chartered Accountant)
  • C.S. (Company Secretary)
  • C.B.M. (Certified Business Manager)
  • C.F.A. (Chartered Financial Analyst)
  • C.F.P. (Certified Financial Planner)
  • C.P.A. (Certified Public Accountant)
  • C.M.A. (Certified Management Accountant)
  • D.T.L. (Diploma In Taxation Laws)
  • D.B.F.S. (Diploma In Banking and Financial Services)
  • G.D.C & A. (Government Diploma in Co-Operation and Accountancy)
  • I.B.P.S. (Clerk/PO)
  • M.Com (Master of Commerce)
  • M.A Economics
  • Master of Commerce (E – Commerce)
  • MRM (Master in Retail Management)
  • MBA (Master of Business Administration)
  • MBA in Finance
  • MPM (Masters in Personnel Management)
  • MBS (Master in Business Studies)
  • MFA (Master of Financial Accounting)
  • MIB (Master of International Business)
  • M.C.A (Master of Computer Applications)
  • M.C.M. (Master of Computer Management)
  • M.M.M. (Masters in Marketing Management)
  • P.G.D.C.M. (Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Management)
  • P.G.D.M.M.  (Post Graduate Diploma In Marketing Management)

My Blog is intended to provide as much as information to students before they graduate from college/University or even before joining college. Lets learn because ignorance costs.